Friday, 20 February 2015

Part 2 - Functions & Benefits of TRACE Minerals Required by the Body for Good Health

Functions and Benefits of Trace Minerals Required by the Body for Good Health continued.



Iodine

Functions:  Iodine is needed to synthesise hormones of the thyroid gland, which controls metabolism.  It also helps to: burn excess fat; give you more energy; improve mental alertness; promote normal growth and healthy hair, nails and skin.

Natural sources of iodine include: onions, vegetables, seafood, and kelp.

Excesses of iodine could result in:  no known toxicity.

Deficiencies of iodine could result in:  hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland); goitre (enlargement of the thyroid gland).


Iron

Functions:  Iron is needed to form haemoglobin (the pigment in red blood cells responsible for transporting oxygen).  It also helps to: cure and prevent anaemia; prevent fatigue; aid growth; and promote resistance to disease.

Natural sources of iron include: red meat, liver, egg yolks, nuts, beans, leafy green vegetables, asparagus, oatmeal and dried fruits.

Excesses of iron could result in:  damage to liver, heart, pancreas.

Deficiencies of iron could result in:  iron-deficiency anaemia; pale colour; lethargy.


Manganese

Functions:  Manganese works with enzymes, accelerating the synthesis of fatty acids, cholesterol, and haemoglobin.  It also helps the body to properly use other vitamins.  Manganese aids the digestion and utilisation of foods.  Manganese is important for normal functioning of the nervous system, as well as contributing to the proper functioning of the reproductive system.

Natural sources of manganese include:  leafy green vegetables; legumes; nuts; whole grains; fruit.

Excesses of manganese could result in:  weakness; motor difficulties (neural muscular impairment) ; violent behaviour.

Deficiencies of manganese could result in:  ataxia (loss of power of co-ordination of the muscles).


Selenium

Functions:  Selenium works with vitamin E as an anti-oxidant, slowing down ageing and the hardening of tissues through oxidation.  Selenium also helps to: keep elasticity in tissues; alleviate hot flushes; and provide some protection against some cancers.

Natural sources of selenium include: wheat germ, bran, tuna, seafood, onions, tomatoes and broccoli.

Excesses of selenium could result in:  no known toxicity.  However, it is thought that excess may result in nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and irritability.

Deficiencies of selenium could result in:  none known.  Although it is thought that deficiencies could lead to general weakness.


Zinc

Functions:  Zinc is important in the maintenance of enzymes and cells.  It is required for normal growth, wound healing, taste and smell.  Zinc is essential for protein synthesis and also helps in the formation of insulin.  Zinc is also important for blood stability and in maintaining the body’s acid-alkaline balance.  Zinc governs the contractability of muscles and is also important for the development of the reproductive organs and sperm production.  Zinc also plays a role in normal brain functioning.

Natural sources of zinc include: red meat, seafood, eggs, wheat germ, yeast, pumpkin seeds and nuts.

Excesses of zinc could result in:  lessons the body’s ability to absorb copper and iron.

Deficiencies of zinc could result in:  enlargement of the prostate gland; learning impairment; growth retardation; arteriosclerosis (thickening / loss of elasticity to the walls of the arteries).



See also:

>>Click here for Part 1 of the Functions and Benefits of the 7 Main Minerals Required bythe Body in Moderate Amounts for Good Health  to see the functions and benefits of calcium, chlorine, and magnesium.


>>Click here for Part 2 of the Functions and Benefits of the 7 Main Minerals Required bythe Body in Moderate Amounts for Good Health  to see the functions and benefits of phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulphur.


N.B.  It’s important to observe your doctor’s or health care professional’s advise with regard to daily recommended allowances for vitamin and mineral intake to ensure you intake the correct amount, as excesses or deficiencies of vitamins and minerals could result in adverse effects.


Prices/discounts indicated correct at time of writing/publishing.  E&OE.





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